Islamic Law has consistently condemned terrorism.
the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
(FCNA) July 25, 2005
The Fiqh, Jurisprudence, Council of North America (FCNA) wishes
to address the issue of terrorism and how it is viewed in the
Islamic legal and ethical system:
Islamic law has consistently condemned terrorism and
extremism in all forms and under all circumstances, and we
reiterate this unequivocal position. Islam strictly condemns
religious extremism and the use of violence against innocent
There is no justification in Islamic Law and ethics for
extremism or terrorism. Targeting civilians’ lives and
property through suicide bombings or any other method of attack
is haram - prohibited in Islam - and those who commit these acts
are violators of the teachings of Islam and Shari’ah
law, and therefore, are not seen as “martyrs”.
Qur’an, Islam’s Holy Scripture, states: "Whoever kills a person unjustly, it is as though he has killed all
mankind. And whoever saves a life, it is as though he had saved
all mankind." (Qur’an, 5:32) Recent killings are not
justified and not condoned either by FCNA or Islam. Attacks on
civilians are not condoned by Islamic law and are seen as Haram.
Muhammad said there is no excuse for committing unjust acts: "Do
not be people without minds of your own, saying that if others
treat you well you will treat them well, and that if they do
wrong you will do wrong to them. Instead, accustom yourselves to
doing good when people do good and neither to wrong others nor
to do wrong to those who do you evil." (Hadith Al-Tirmidhi).
to Islamic ethics, God mandates moderation in matters of faith,
practice and ethics. The Qur’an states: “We
made you to be a community of moderation, so that (with the
example of your lives) you might bear witness to the truth
before all mankind.” (Qur’an, 2:143). The Prophet
Muhammad said: “Always
follow a middle (or moderate, regular) course, whereby you will
reach your goal." (Hadith Sahih Al-Bukhari).
Qur’an invites its readers to come to a mutual understanding
of dialogue to end conflicts (Qur’an 3:64). It also instructs
its followers that peace is the best course of action in
conflicts (Qur’an 8:61-62).
another Qur’anic verse, the Almighty God directs Muslims to
stand out firmly against evil: “Let
there arise from among you a band of people who invite to
righteousness, and enjoin good and forbid evil.” (Qur’an,
teaches us to act in a caring manner to all of God's creation.
The Prophet Muhammad, who is described in the Qur’an as “a
mercy to the worlds” said: “All
creation is the family of God, and the person most beloved by
God (is the one) who is kind and caring toward His family."
The Islamic legal
teachings do not allow Muslims, even in self defense, to terrify
seniors, children, women or civilians.
issue this fatwa following the guidance of our scripture, the
Qur’an, and the teachings of our Prophet Muhammad – peace
be upon him.
urge all people including Muslims to resolve all conflicts in a
just and peaceful manner. We pray for the defeat of Hirabah,
the Islamic legal term for terrorism. We pray for the safety and
security of our country, the
United States of America
, and its people. We pray for the safety and security of all
inhabitants of this globe. We pray that inter-religious harmony
and cooperation prevail both in the United States and everywhere
in the world. We also pray that all nations work together to
bring about justice to all nations and individuals around the
Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA) reaffirms Islam's condemnation
of terrorism and religious extremism by issuing this fatwa, or formal